Marlyn Tadros, PhD
"It takes 1,752 kWh per year to maintain a Second Life avatar." Nikolas Karr [quoted in 7 things to know about Green IT]
Green IT simply means using IT in an energy efficient way that is environmentally friendly and sustainable and that is also socially responsible. It has been noted that "when you add up all of information and communication technology's energy footprint -- the increasing need for computational power, data storage and communications -- it amounts to about 2 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, growing to 3 percent by 2020 [The State of Green Business report 2010].
IFAP report on global ICT policies - Current Report
Or How Future ICT Trends will affect ICT4D
UNESCO’s Information for All Program issued a report entitled IFAP World Report 2009, written by the Information Society Research Institute of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
From IPv4 to IPv6: what will it mean for NGOs?
Marlyn Tadros, PhD
Currently the domain name system is based on IPv4 [version 4]. An IP address is based on 4 sets of digits each set ranges between 0-255. For example, the IP address for mengos.net is 126.96.36.199 where each set of number is a number between 0 and 255. Every domain name has an IP address because the term ‘domain name’ is only the text version of an IP numerical address.If the total value is 4294967296 unique values or approximately 4.3 billion, as is clear from this formula, the numbers are therefore not infinite. Put also into consideration that the numbers that 0.0.0.0 is reserved for the default network and the address 255.255.255.255 is used for broadcasts [messages sent between all computers on a network]. Traditionally, organizations and government agencies in the United States use approximately 60 percent of the allocatable addresses leaving the entire world with less than half. It is expected that by 2011 the Internet will run out of IP addresses.
Thoughts on A2K
Marlyn Tadros, Ph.D.
Access to knowledge is defined as the desire "to protect and enhance [expand] access to knowledge, and to facilitate the transfer of technology to developing countries." [Draft Treaty on A2K pdf] It is now a full-fledged campaign that links the issue of access to the fundamental principles of justice, freedom, and human rights. In particular, A2K deals with intellectual property rights [and WIPO] and the issue of open access to knowledge, which was a major contentious issue at the World Summit for the Information Society. It also deals with open access and the public domain, creative commons licenses and copyright laws.